With degenerative-dystrophic changes, bone necrosis of the spine is noted. In case of violation, the intervertebral discs, adjacent movable joints and the entire ligamentous apparatus are damaged. Spondylolisthesis does not have any symptoms at first, but as the disease progresses, the patient complains of severe pain, impaired motor function, and increased sensitivity.
If diagnosed and treated early, it is possible to end spina bifida and return to a normal life.
Features of spinal osteonecrosis
A person's vertebrae are damaged to some extent over time, but not everyone develops osteonecrosis. The development of spina bifida is influenced by many negative external and internal factors in the body. After the onset of pathology, degeneration of the intervertebral discs is noted. The following causes of spinal osteonecrosis are distinguished:
- infectious disorders in which tissues become chronically inflamed;
- flat feet, as a result of which the load is unevenly distributed, which leads to muscle imbalance;
- scoliosis and incorrect spine construction;
- asthenia or connective tissue dysplasia;
- excess body weight;
- increased muscle tone;
- inactive lifestyle and in a prolonged static position;
- unsuitable working conditions, due to a person's constant cold, physical overwork or exposure to vibrations;
- spinal cord injuries of varying degrees of complexity;
- wear high heels;
- pregnancy, in which the load on the spine increases.
Stages of the disease
Osteochondrosis in adults goes through four stages of development, each of which undergoes distinctive changes. If not treated in time, the disease will get worse and the patient may become disabled, completely lose mobility. This table shows the characteristic changes of different stages of osteonecrosis of the spine.
|I||Dehydration in the medullary nucleus of the intervertebral disc region, leading to a decrease in disc height.|
|Formation of cracks in the lumbar spine|
|Discomfort and mild pain when sitting or walking|
|II||Reducing the distance between the discs in the area of different parts of the spine|
|Sagging of the muscular apparatus and ligaments|
|Displacement of one or more vertebrae with subsequent development of spondylosis|
|III||Prolapse and protrusion of discs|
|Osteoarthritis and osteoarthritis in movable disc joints|
|Rigid movements and sharp sensations in the lower extremities|
|Pain in different areas|
|IV||Bone growth (osteogenesis) often damages nerve endings|
|Fibromyalgia in intervertebral discs and movable joints|
|Mineralization of the intervertebral discs, so that the spine is an immobile column of bone|
How do the different types of violations manifest?
Symptoms of cervical osteonecrosis
If the cervical vertebrae are injured, the patient will complain of pain radiating down the shoulder or upper extremities. The affected area causes a burning sensation and muscle spasms. Manifestations of cervical spondylosis lead to the following symptoms:
- throbbing headache;
- dizziness, leading to feelings of nausea and vomiting;
- loss of consciousness;
- visual impairment, including spots of different colors and flies in front of the eyes;
- noise in the ears;
- impaired coordination;
- Feeling of a foreign body in the throat.
If the correct treatment regimen is not selected for cervical spondylosis, cerebrovascular disease will form, threatening the patient's life.
Signs of chest type
Patients with this disease will experience pain in the shoulder area. If the displaced vertebrae compress the intercostal nerve roots, neuralgia will occur in this area, manifested by the following symptoms:
- manifestation of acute pain in the sternum;
- inability to take deep breaths;
- pain and numbness in the affected part of the spine.
Often the peritoneum will be uncomfortable, so that the patient may mistake it for a disease of the gastrointestinal tract. Bone degeneration of this type leads to impaired blood flow and internal organs, thereby disrupting the function of some internal organs, localized near the chest.
Patients suffer from constant low back pain, especially when exerting themselves or when the weather changes. Often, against the background of osteonecrosis, varicose veins and pain in the legs are noted. If there is significant proliferation of bone tissue, then the sciatic nerve is compressed and inflamed. The patient is concerned about the following symptoms:
- severe pain of a different nature, especially acute in the buttock region;
- decreased sensitivity in the lower extremities and pelvic region;
- limping and low blood pressure;
- muscular dystrophy;
- dysfunction of the pelvic organs.
Spinal osteosarcoma requires prompt medical examination to help restore the injured back. Modern equipment helps diagnose diseases at an early stage of development. In case of pathology, they turn to a neurologist or orthopedist. First, the injured spine is examined and examined, then laboratory and instrumental diagnostic methods are indicated to detect osteonecrosis:
- X ray;
- neurological examination;
- CT and MRI;
- nuclear influence.
What is treatment?
Osteoma of the back can be cured with a complex treatment method, based on modern drugs. The disease can be treated with the following drugs:
- Painkiller, from which it is indicated to carry out the blockade.
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. These drugs are taken intermittently.
- Warm topically active ointments and gels.
Effective support for bone destruction with spinal physical therapy, including the following procedures:
- Acupressure. During manipulation, a point impact on the damaged area occurs, as a result of which pain sensations, spasms of the patient are reduced and blood flow is improved.
- Kinesitherapy. During the process, a person moves a lot, performs therapeutic exercises, exercises on simulators, stretches the spine.
- Electrophysiological therapy. This subspecies of physiotherapy includes UHF, pulsed current therapy, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, and more. v.
- Swimming. Thanks to this method, it is possible to normalize the condition of the disease even for patients who have already been diagnosed with osteonecrosis, and it is difficult for them to perform aerial gymnastics.
Features of manual therapy
General principles for the treatment of cervical spondylosis include procedures performed by a gynecologist, which affect all vertebrae. A minimum of 20 sessions is required for satisfactory results. Before starting to use such a treatment, you should consult a doctor, since there are a number of contraindications:
- diseases of internal organs;
- cancerous tumor;
- High Blood Pressure;
- recent spinal or leg injury.
When is an activity required?
If chronic degenerative osteopathy of the spine has developed in adults and conservative therapy has not helped, then radical therapeutic measures will be applied. In addition, surgery is necessary in such cases:
- appendages of the vertebrae;
- acute compression of the spinal cord;
- spinal deformity.
After surgery, the patient recovers for a long time, taking drugs and physical therapy.
Diet and fitness
Treatment of osteochondrosis of the spine is impossible without observing a special diet and performing physical exercises. The diet offers fractional meals with small portions - at least 6 times a day. The daily liquid rate is 1. 5 liters. All products are recommended to be cooked in a double boiler so that the body receives the maximum amount of vitamins. With degenerative spine disease should limit eating grapes, beans, flour, spicy, sweet, salty and other unhealthy foods. Allowed to use:
- seasonal fresh fruits and vegetables;
- dairy products;
- lean meat and fish;
- sweet substance;
- nuts and sunflower seeds;
- different cereals.
Thanks to gymnastics and exercise therapy, it is possible to strengthen the muscles and joints, as well as correct posture, which already has osteonecrosis. You should not treat with a generic set of exercises, as it is not suitable for everyone. You should consult a doctor, who will draw up an individual lesson plan, taking into account the complexity of the pathology and condition of the spine.
To avoid osteochondrosis and one can live a normal life, one should lead an active lifestyle and monitor posture. If the job requires sitting continuously, take frequent breaks to practice for a short time. Excessive exertion should be avoided and heavy lifting should be avoided. Shoes must be comfortable, women should not abuse high heels. If you feel pain in your spine, you should consult your doctor and do a full body examination.